In the beginning was the hollowed-out tree trunk, one of the first capillary tube to be crafted by human hand. With a vast array of models in the plant world to inspire him, Homo sapiens had a much easier job inventing the tube than the wheel for which, by contrast, nature had no example to offer. Bamboo and reed are just two examples of plants with hollow stalks. Nature already knew the value of the tubular form, which combines high stability with the capacity to Transport essential substances for growth, such as water and nutrients, out of the earth.
Be it on water, over land or in the air, the various modes of Transport would be lost without pipes & tubes. Pipes and tubular construction elements are to be found in ships, planes, trains and motor vehicles. A great variety of pipes and tubular profiles are used in car making, both in connection with the motor and with the chassis and bodywork sections. Most recent developments put them to a far more varied range of uses than before, from air suction pipes and exhaust systems through chassis components right up to side-impact tubes in doors and other safety features. One German car makers new lightweight concept takes as its basic subassembly a three-dimensional frame made up of complex Aluminium extruded sections joined together with the aid of pressure-diecast intersections.
Pipes in everyday use
We come into contact with pipes and tubes on a daily basis. It starts in the morning when we go to clean our teeth and squeeze the toothpaste from this tube, which is nothing other than a tube-shaped flexible container. We write notes with a pen, comprising one or more tubes with a smaller tube - the cartridge or refill - inside it. This is the modern equivalent of the quill, a pointed and split tube used in ancient times as a writing instrument and still used today for Arabic script.
We are surrounded everywhere we go and on a virtually constant basis by seamless pipe ＆ tube, whether at home, on the move or at work. They take the form of lamp stands and furniture elements in chairs or shelves, curtain rails, telescopic aerials on portable and car radios, and rods on umbrellas or sunshades. And when we water the plants or hang out the washing, tubes are our constant companion - on the watering can or the clothes-horse. Pipes Transport electricity, water and gas directly into our homes. Tubes protect visitors to the Duesseldorf Trade Fair Center from the rigours of the Rhineland weather. Pipe constructions are responsible for a pleasant indoor temperature and prevent the hall roofs from falling on our heads. Civil engineers and architects choose special section tube constructions for windows and doors in preference to other solutions. Tubes even have a role to play in our leisure time, providing us with bicycles, training apparatus and sports equipment.
Musical instrument-making would be unthinkable without welded pipe ＆ tube. The tuba illustrates the connection particularly well: the name of this brass instrument is nothing other than the Latin word for tube. Other brass and pipe instruments also take the tube form. The reed used in a variety of wind instruments such as the clarinet, saxophone, bassoon or oboe is a flexible piece of cane which is fixed into the mouthpiece of the instrument or acts as a mouthpiece itself. Organ pipes also rely on the tube shape to create their sound. They are made of lead and tin, zinc or copper and are still crafted today according to a centuries-old Tradition.
CD stands in the shape of organ pipes make for an original link between two musical words. These CD stands are just under two meters in length, accommodate up to 50 CDs and, if required, can be supplied with interior lighting. Normally out of sight but critically important for good sound quality are the bass-reflex pipes found in loudspeakers. With the proper dimensions in length and diameter, these pipes help to reproduce low-pitched tones without any distortion as a result of unwanted flow noise.
Through squre pipe ＆ tube flows the lifeblood of progress and without them our lives would not be nearly as comfortable. They make everyday life easier, safer, more attractive, more varied and more interesting. More to the point, though, they have become indispensable for our existence, shaping the development of our lives to lasting effect in the past and undoubtedly continuing to do so in the future.