Chinese Shang Ring adult male circumcision (SC) is a safe and effective procedure which is easy to learn and to perform. By a specially designed small device, male circumcision (MC) can be performed in 5 min. Compared with conventional adult MC (CC), SC has shorter operation time, less blood loss, less pain score, higher appearance satisfaction rate, and lower complication rate. SC was first developed in China. As recent studies have demonstrated that MC reduced the risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection via vaginal intercourse in African countries, SC was introduced into Africa to fight HIV. Other sexually transmitted diseases such as human papillomavirus infection may also be prevented by SC. In conclusion, Chinese Shang Ring, a small device, provides an easy, quick, safe, and effective method to perform adult MC.
Circumcision is an operation to remove a male’s foreskin. It is one of the oldest and most common surgical procedures. A male may undergo this procedure for religious, social, medical, or cultural reasons.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourage male circumcision on the basis that it appears to reduce the risk of HIV infection during vaginal sex. However, not all health authorities agree, and the recommendations remain somewhat controversial.
Adult circumcision device is fairly commonly used in the United States. In fact, according to the CDC, 58.3%Trusted Source of U.S. newborns underwent circumcision in 2010.
It is less common in other Western countries, however. In the United Kingdom, for example, only around 8.5% of males are circumcised.
This article will discuss what to expect during the procedure itself, as well as some possible benefits and risks.
Evidence has indicated a lower risk of some sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including syphilis. Circumcised males, using male circumcision device, also appear to be less likely to contract herpes or HIV.
In very rare cases, balanitis or phimosis can develop in an uncircumcised male. With these conditions, the foreskin cannot retract. This requires surgical treatment.
Cancer of the penis is extremely rare, but it appears to be slightly more commonTrusted Source in males with a high body mass index (BMI), males with a history of smoking, males who are uncircumcised, and those with a combination of these factors.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there is “compelling evidence” to suggest that adult circumcision device reduces the risk of contracting HIV during vaginal sex by 60%Trusted Source .
However, they point out that circumcision will offer only partial protection, and they urge people to use barrier methods such as condoms as well.
The higher chance of infection may be because the foreskin becomes more prone to splits and ruptures during intercourse, allowing pathogens to enter the bloodstream.
Another possibility is that the space between the penis and the foreskin might provide an environment in which a virus can survive for a period of time, raising the risk of infection for the individual and their next partner.
Some argue that the U.S. has a relatively high rate of HIV despite high circumcision rates. In addition, the results of studies in Africa and Asia associating circumcision with HIV prevention, mainly in heterosexual populations, may not translate to the U.S.
Circumcision is a relatively safe procedure, and severe complications are rare.